Night Fishing

Night fishing is a popular fishing time. Many people fish at night, for various reasons. Some fish at night because they work during the daylight hours. Others fish at night because they feel that the fishing is better. Some prefer the coolness and peace of night. There are many fish that come into shallower waters to feed at night as well, and some fish that are more active after dark.


Night fishing is best done when the moon is full. It can be done from a boat or from shore, and it can be done in the ocean, as well as rivers, streams, and lakes. Often, fishermen will use artificial light to attract big fish at night, but this is not allowed in all areas. Fishing in itself is a challenge, in that you can’t see what you’ve caught until you bring it up. With the darkness of night, it is even more thrilling and challenging.

Night fishing is best from April to October, with the hottest months being the absolute best time for night fishing. There are special considerations that one must undertake for night fishing, however. First, make sure that you have running lights on your boat. This is the law in most places. Make sure your boat is in top condition. Being lost on the lake is bad enough during the daytime. At night it can be – well – a nightmare. Carry two flashlights with fresh batteries, and consider carrying extra batteries as well.

Make sure that you have the right tools, such as a pair of needle nose pliers. You will also need insect repellent, as the mosquitos and such will be worse at night where there are lights. Know where everything is located in your boat. It’s not easy to find things in the darkness. You should be further prepared by fixing up flies, leaders, and rigs before you leave home. Also, get out on the lake and choose your fishing spot while it is still daylight.

Fishing at night has its advantages. If you don’t like crowded fishing areas, fish at night. If it is too hot for you during the day, fish at night. If you want bigger fish in shallower waters, fish at night.

If fishing from a boat at night, make sure that you find spots near reefs and ledges, in shallower waters. Look to the weeds for trout and big bass. Lights will draw smaller fish, which in turn draws the big fish that are preying on them. So, fish near where light shines on the water – but cast in the shadows to the side of the light for the big fish.

During Spring night fishing, you will catch smelt, bass, catfish, trout, walleye, king mackerel, shark, bullhead, and snapper. You can fish with minnows, shiners, cut bait, prepared bait, crustaceans, nightcrawlers, chums, spinners, streamers, and wet or dry flies.


Fishing Hooks

Fishing hooks look pretty self explanatory. But most people don’t realize that there is literally a huge variety of fishing hooks, and that each one serves a special purpose. Serious fishermen know that just any old hook won’t do. As simplified as a hook looks, there are actually many different elements involved.

Each hook has basic elements that include a shank, a curve, and an eye. The eye is on top of the hook, and this is where the fishing line is threaded through. The shank is the part of the hook that is straight, between the eye and the curve. The curve, of course is the curved part, and at the end of the curve, there is a very sharp end. Some hooks have barbs near the end, which is a bit of metal that sticks out from the hook. It looks like a hook within a hook, and it is used to keep a fish from wiggling off of the hook once it has taken the bait.

Hooks come in varying sizes and shapes. Hooks are measured from the point to the beginning of the shank. This is called the gap. Smaller fish require smaller hooks, and larger fish require larger hooks. The throat of the hook is the distance between the middle of the gap and the center of the bend.

The points on hooks can be sharp or blunt, and the type of fish that you are trying to catch determines which type of point you want. A sharper hook point does not guarantee a better chance at a catch. They may penetrate better, but the blunt tips hold the fish on the hook better. Hooks have different styles of eyes as well. Some have looped eyes, which can make it easier to thread the hook.

Some have swiveled eyes, which are more appropriate for game fish and help prevent lines from twisting too much as the fish fights and rolls. One of the newest types of hook is the circle hook. These circle hooks have a curved shank, and no part of the hook is actually straight. This type of hook is designed to hook the fish inside the curve of his mouth, and lessens the chances of a body hook. These harm the fish less, and are often used when catching and releasing.

Fishing Tackle

Fishing is both fun and relaxing. It allows you to get away from the stress for just a short time, while you commune with nature. People find that when they come back from a short fishing break, they are more refreshed, and ready to take on whatever the world may throw at them. If you are ready to experience fishing, you will need some equipment.

First, you need to know that when you visit a tackle shop, you will be overwhelmed by the variety of equipment that is available. Take a deep breath and clear your head. There is actually very little that you need. You don’t need everything in the store, and you certainly don’t need the most expensive equipment either.

Start with the bare minimum. You will discover other equipment that you need if and when your fishing interest advances. Some people are content to fish with their basic equipment for their whole lives. Others want to get into more competitive fishing. Start with a basic rod and reel.

If you are a beginner, you should strongly consider purchasing a packaged rod and reel. This is your least expensive option, and it will get you started. As you get better at fishing, you will discover that you want or need a different type of rod/reel. If you do buy a seperate rod and reel, realize that close-faced spinner reels are best for children and beginners. For an adult, choose a six foot rod. For children, choose a four foot rod.


You will need fishing line for your rod and reel. Fishing line comes in varying sizes and strengths. If you are purchasing a packaged rod and reel, the line should be included. But depending on what you are fishing for, you may want additional line. Look at the weight pound test of the line. Eight pound test means that it is suitable for catching an eight pound fish. Consider the average weight of the fish that you plan to catch. Don’t buy heavy weight line if it is not called for – you won’t be able to catch smaller fish with heavy line. Eight pound test line is recommended for beginners.

A fishing net is optional, but it does make it easier to bring your catch to the shore once you’ve reeled it in most of the way. Nothing is more heartbreaking to a fisherman than to reel a big catch in, have it almost on shore, only to see the fish wiggle off the hook or have the line break at the last second! With a fishing net, however, you can reel the fish in to just under the surface, and then scoop the net under him!

Bobbers are also called floats, floaters, and corks. A bobber sits on top of the water, and when a fish nibbles the bait, you will see the bobber wiggle. When the fish grabs the bait and runs, the bobber will be jerked underwater. Bobbers are recommended for beginners and children.

You will need hooks in varying sizes. The size of the hook you use depends on the size of the fish you are trying to catch – not on the size of the bait. The size of the bait also depends on the size of the fish you are trying to catch. Hooks range in numbers, from six to ten, with ten being the largest. If the hook you are using is too small, the fish will swallow the hook. If it is too large, the fish won’t even be tempted to bite on your bait.

Sinkers, also known as weights, are also needed. These make it possible to fish below the surface of the water. They range in size and weight, and you really must consider the depth that you want to fish at, the water that you are fishing in, and the fish that you hope to catch to choose the proper weight. Make sure that you only use lead free sinkers.

Leaders are very useful. These are metal clips with an eye on one end and a clip on the other. You open the clip to put the hook or lure on the leader. The leader is then attached to the fishing line, or to another leader. Often, people will fix up numerous ‘rigs’ to take with them, and easily change them out with the use of leaders.  A rig is a smaller piece of fishing line that is already fixed up with bait, lures, and weights. Swivels may also be used.

You definitely need a fishing knife, which will be used to cut tangled lines and such. They can also be used to clean the fish that you catch. Needle nose pliers are essential, as this makes it easier to remove hooks from the fishes mouthes. You will need a tackle box to put all of your small equipment in, and you should also consider a small first aid kit and insect repellent.

Fishing Boats

Most fishermen decide that they want or need a boat at some point. A fishing boat can be as simple as a canoe to an expensive, elaborate yacht. The boat that you choose will depend on what type of fishing you do, where you fish, and of course how much money you have to spend on a boat. Let’s look at the choices.

Bass Boats: Bass boats are usually very fast, and sit low in the water. They may be made of aluminum or fiberglass, and typically have one or more platforms that make it easier to cast. A bass boat should also include a trolling motor on the bow. Bass boats are common for sport fishing and tournament fishing. Bass boats can be used in saltwater and freshwater. Freshwater Fishing Boats: These boats are not to be used in salt water. They are not designed to withstand the corrosion that salt water can cause. They are used in lakes, streams, and rivers. These are not powerful boats. They are typically very lightweight and made of fiberglass or aluminum. Float Tubes: Float tubes are used by flyfishermen. They are typically used in fishing ponds, lakes, and streams. It is basically a floatation device that has a seat on it. It is powered by the person sitting in the seat. He or she wears fins and kicks his or her feet to power the float tube. The two types of float tubes are traditional and pontoon.

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Fishermen are finding that pontoons are easier to maneuver. Pontoons may also be powered with air, and are sometimes called air boats. These types of boats work well in marshy areas as well. Saltwater Boats: Saltwater boats come in two varieties. These are offshore saltwater boats and inshore saltwater boats. Offshore saltwater boats are designed for the rough seas in the open ocean. These are very large, heavy boats that are also designed to withstand harsh weather and conditions. The boat should have a cabin, and usually has twin or single outboard motors.


They also have inboard diesel engines and are very powerful. Inshore saltwater boats are smaller and lighter than offshore saltwater boats. They are typically shorter that 25 feet, and have a single outboard motor. These are often called flat boats, and they do well in marshes and shallow water. Before you purchase a boat, really think about your needs and your choices. Shop around for the best prices, and make sure that you test drive boats before you buy!